A second important figure was Sigmund Freud. The theory of a biological basis of love has been explored by such biological sciences as evolutionary psychology, evolutionary biology, anthropology and neuroscience. Research has concluded that the disciplines of biology, psychology, and philosophy are all important in analyzing love; however, more research needs to be done in order to define what love actually is, and how we can apply this knowledge in our everyday lives. It's not negotiable. During the 1970s, a U.S. Contemporary research and theory on love features many psychodynamic principles that were first introduced by Freud, such as the importance of early childhood experiences, the powerful impact of motives operating outside of awareness, the role of defenses in shaping the behavioral expression of motives, and the role of sexuality as a force in human behavior All this busy-ness has affected non-romantic relationships too, which has a ripple effect on the romantic ones, Olds said. I decided to look at this subject from a scientific point of view. The Research on Love and Gratitude. âWhen people are in this passionate, all-consuming phase of love, there are significant alterations in their mood that are impacting their experience of pain,â said Mackey, chief of the Division of Pain Medicine. Evolutionary theorizing has led directly to such currently popular concepts as mate preference, sexual mating strategies, and attachment, as well as to the adoption of a comparative approach across species. Self-love means taking care of your own needs and not sacrificing your well-being to please others. Self-compassion and self-love are largely used interchangeably in specialized literature. One database of scientific publications turns up more than 6,600 pages of results in a search for the word “love.” The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is conducting 18 clinical trials on it (though, like love itself, NIH’s “love” can have layered meanings, including as an acronym for a study of Crohn’s disease). Benjamin Sommers, associate professor of health policy and economics at the Harvard T.H. At the same time, a group of social psychologists were beginning their work to show that adult love could be studied experimentally and in the laboratory. The more connected you are, the healthier you will be both physically and emotionally. Passionate love may be said to solve the attraction problem—that is, for individuals to enter into a potentially long-term mating relationship, they must identify and select suitable candidates, attract the other’s interest, engage in relationship-building behavior, and then go about reorganizing existing activities and relationships so as to include the other. A third historically significant figure was Margaret Mead. Most work has focused on identifying and measuring passionate love and several aspects of romantic love, which include two components: intimacy and commitment. Each has a professional practice and independently trains psychiatry students, but they’ve also collaborated on two books about loneliness and one on marriage. Here are some more marriage statistics that â¦ Any history of psychological research on love would be incomplete without reference to ‘‘l’affaire Proxmire.’’ In March 1975, William Proxmire, then a powerful U.S. There are plenty of reasons to love and to do research, here are a few that come to mind: Research makes a difference. Considerably less study has been devoted to understanding the evolutionary significance of the intimacy and commitment aspects of love. More generally, the term companionate love may be characterized by communal relationship; a relationship built on mutual expectations that oneself and a partner will be responsive to each other’s needs. Which Model of Love Is Mostly Widely Accepted? Happiness is love or "Good relationships keep us happier and healthier." While the passion fades for some, others keep its flames burning, while still others are able to rekindle the fires. Richard Schwartz and Jacqueline Olds know a lot about love. Happiness is love or "Good relationships keep us happier and healthier." Finally, the authors believe that the future will see a better understanding of what may be the quintessential question about love: How this very individualistic feeling is shaped by experiences in interaction with particular others. Your research paper will be written from scratch. But despite the universal consensus among all people that love is important and necessary, divergent views regarding what love is still linger in the minds of many people. Let us present you with 21 interesting facts and theories about love that will explain much about this all-absorbing phenomenon without dispelling its romance and poetry. People have written for centuries about love shifting from passionate to companionate, something Schwartz called “both a good and a sad thing.” Different couples experience that shift differently. Consequently, passionate love is associated with many changes in cognition, emotion, and behavior. Some extraordinary research has found that couples who are in love and bond in â¦ The emerging women’s movement during the 1970s also contributed to a cultural climate that made the study of what had been traditionally thought of as ‘‘women’s concerns’’ not only acceptable, but in fact necessary for the science of human behavior. 2. Immunity Support & Function: Supplement Protocol, © 2020 Riordan Clinic, All Rights Reserved. The following is a comprehensive review of the central and well-established findings from psychologically-informed research on love and its influence in adult human relationships as presented in the article: “Love. During my school years, my time and effort were spent on being the best in subjects of mathematics and science. This will be useful not so much for the intrinsic purpose of identifying the brain and body regions in which love occurs, but rather because the identification of neural and hormonal circuits corresponding to particular experiences and behaviors will allow researchers to sort the various phenomena associated with love into their natural categories. “You have a tidal-like motion of closeness and drifting apart, closeness and drifting apart,” Olds said. They should be your best friend, they should be your lover, they should be your closest relative, they should be your work partner, they should be the co-parent, your athletic partner. “To some extent, being a psychiatrist allows you a privileged window into other people’s triumphs and mistakes,” Olds said. The evidence for this distinction comes from a variety of research methods, including psychometric techniques, examinations of the behavioral and relationship consequences of different forms of romantic love, and biological studies, which are discussed in this article. “There is too much pressure, from my point of view, on what a romantic partner should be. Although both passionate and companionate love appear to be universal, it is apparent that their manifestations may be moderated by culture-specific norms and rules. Being in love gives a feeling of purpose; something to live and strive for. But despite the universal consensus among all people that love is important and necessary, divergent views regarding what love is still linger in the minds of many people. The first of these was led by Charles Darwin, who proposed that reproductive success was the central process underlying the evolution of species. Essentially, he accused her of wasting taxpayer dollars on useless research on love. A recent study based on the topic âscience behind the loveâ is conducted at Rutgers University located in United States, revealed there are 3 stages involved with falling in loveânamely lust, attraction, and attachment. still today, love is one of the most talked about topics, from the media to our everyday lives. Men fall in love faster. It is also believed that research will address how culture shapes the experience and expression of love. All my life, I have long been stereotyped as a “bluestocking,” I was very surprised when I was asked to write an article on a psychological perspective on love. If God is one with whom persons can be in relationship, a personâs relationship with deity will play a role in the personâs decisions (or not) to love. “And because you get to learn from them as they learn from you, when you work with somebody 10 years older than you, you learn what mistakes 10 years down the line might be.”. Everyone in this world desires love in any form, whether it is with family, friends, or a romantic partner. Lee (1973) offers a theory of love styles or types of lovers derived from an analysis of writings about love through the centuries. Love may well be one of the most studied, but least understood, behaviors. “I think the fact that we’ve worked on things together has woven us together more, in good ways.”. … Of course everybody isn’t able to quite live up to it.”, —Jacqueline Olds, associate professor of psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Ahead for health care, a likely mixed bag, Revelations of cyberattacks on U.S. likely just ‘tip of the iceberg’, Bacow letter urges Biden to reverse Trump immigration curbs, Pregnant women with COVID-19 may not pass virus to newborn, study suggests, A dark year of sickness, reckoning, loss — and periodic bits of light. True love is overwhelming. If you say, ‘It’s corrosive, and it’s causing your cortisol to go way up,’ then they really sit up and listen.”. Also important is retaining a genuine sense of curiosity about your partner, fostered both by time apart to have separate experiences, and by time together, just as a couple, to share those experiences. Young parents feel pressure to raise kids perfectly, even at the risk of their own relationships. “I have learned much more from doing couples therapy, and being in a couple’s relationship” than from science, Olds said. Harry Harlow's famâ¦ The longer they had been together, the worse they actually were at guessing, in part because they thought they already knew. It is described as being one of the best feelings on earth, and one that many cannot live without. Robust love research requires theological proposals for how Godâs actions and relations make possible or at least affect creaturely love. Research suggests that self-compassion can reduce the stress that causes us to procrastinate because it helps us recognize the downside of the habit without putting us in a negative thought spiral. A side benefit is that examining other couples’ trials and tribulations has helped their own relationship over the inevitable rocky bumps, Olds said. Senator named William Proxmire gave psychologist Elaine Hatfield what he called "the Golden Fleece Award." What is Love? It is described as being one of the best feelings on earth, and one that many cannot live without. Research by scientist Sean Mackey found intense love stimulates the same area of the brain that drugs target to reduce pain. Since the rising challenges of modern life aren’t going to change soon, Schwartz and Olds said couples should try to adopt ways to fortify their relationships for life’s long haul. Mead expanded awareness with vivid descriptions of cultural variations in the expression of love and sexuality. About; Jessica Wong. “I think we know a lot more scientifically about love and the brain than we did a couple of decades ago … But do we think that makes us better at love, or helping people with love? Espionage aimed at government, big business was ‘sustained, targeted, far-reaching,’ analysts say, Harvard president backs DACA, TPS, and ending Muslim-nation travel ban, Limited sample provides insights that could improve care and inform vaccine timing, Paul Farmer awarded Berggruen Prize for Philosophy and Culture, © 2020 The President and Fellows of Harvard College, “They gave each other a smile with a future in it.” One particularly timely prediction is that psychological theories of love are likely to become more biologically informed, in the sense that the psychological and behavioral phenomena associated with love will have clear, comprehensible, and distinguishable neural and hormonal substrates. Some researchers suggest that love is a basic human emotion just like happiness or anger, while others believe that it is a cultural phenomenon that arises partly due to social pressures and expectations. Self-love means not settling for less than you deserve. Oct. 26, 2020 â Love is not the primary reason humans developed music. Falling in love is much like taking a dose of cocaine, as both experiences affect the brain similarly and trigger a similar sensation of euphoria. “And the residencies work them so hard there’s barely time for their relationship or having children or taking care of children. Eye contact is key. 4 Common Questions About the Science of Love 1. Despite the political barrier to love research in the U.S., other countries, particularly Canada, have taken a more enlightened view, as have at least two private foundations. From friendships to love and marriage, articles explore human interactions. For example, it will be important to further distinguish passionate love from companionate love on the one hand and from lust (i.e. Research done by Diane Felmlee and Susan Sprecher also indicates that love increases when parents and friends support the relationship. 2010 Survey. Love is something we strive for and something we mourn the loss of. How Does the Study of Love Differ From Other Topics? Free research paper samples and research proposal examples on Love are 100% plagiarized!!! That is, problems in love and love relationships are a significant source of suicides, homicides, and both major and minor emotional disorders, such as anxiety and depression. 4. Love also turns on the neurotransmitter dopamine, which is known to stimulate the brain’s pleasure centers. “You’re not going to get to 40 years by gazing into each other’s eyes,” Schwartz said. And now here is this topic about love, the subject without which no movie, novel, poem or song can exist. W hat makes love last? It’s also true, Schwartz said, that like the moon — a trigger of its own legendary form of madness — love has its phases. Research has found that romantic love exists in all cultures, which suggests that love has a strong biological component. Schwartz cited a study by Robert Waldinger, clinical professor of psychiatry at MGH and HMS, in which couples watched videos of themselves arguing. The days when child care consisted of the instruction “Go play outside” while mom and dad reconnected over cocktails are largely gone. Children remain the biggest stressor on relationships, Olds said, adding that it seems a particular problem these days. Their own union has lasted 39 years, and they raised two children. According to one Stanford study, love can mask feelings of pain in a similar way to painkillers. As you read these, think about how these styles might become part of the types of love described above. Senator, gave the first of a series of so-called Golden Fleece awards to Ellen Berscheid and Elaine Hatfield, the two most prominent love researchers of the time. When it comes to thinking deeply about love, poets, philosophers, and even high school boys gazing dreamily at girls two rows over have a significant head start on science. Schwartz has built a career around studying the love, hate, indifference, and other emotions that mark our complex relationships. Prominent in this regard is Platoâs Symposium. Couple that with a drop in levels of serotonin — which adds a dash of obsession — and you have the crazy, pleasing, stupefied, urgent love of infatuation. Why do you do research? This topic has fascinated scientists, philosophers, historians, poets, playwrights, novelists, and songwriters. Specific chemical substances such as oxytocin are studied in the context of their roles in producing human experiences and behaviors that are associated with love . Probably not much.”. The oxytocin helps cement bonds, raise immune function, and begin to confer the health benefits found in married couples, who tend to live longer, have fewer strokes and heart attacks, be less depressed, and have higher survival rates from major surgery and cancer. During the first several decades of my life, my main priorities were: to absorb as much education and knowledge as possible, to make some extraordinary discoveries in science, and to earn a Nobel Prize, making my parents very proud and happy. It is a systematic and seminal analysis whose major ideas Sternbergâs Triangle of Love: Three Components. Why and how do we fall in love? Love is pure, love is painful, love is sweet and love is dreadful. Yet the two do meet, whether in lab tests for surging hormones or in austere chambers where MRI scanners noisily thunk and peer into brains that ignite at glimpses of their soulmates. “There are all these sweet young doctors who are trying to have families while they’re in residency,” Olds said. Men are much more likely than womenâ48 percent vs. 28 percentâto fall in love at first sight. Some scholars see companionate love as a combination of intimacy and commitment, whereas others see intimacy as the central component, with commitment as a peripheral factor (but important in its own right, such as for predicting relationship longevity). If alcoholism is not the root of all evil, it is closely correlated with it. sexual feelings) on the other. At EssayLib.com custom writing service you can buy a custom research paper on Love topics. Each stage involves different types of chemical reactions within â¦ Although current evidence strongly suggests that these three forms of love involve different biological systems, different functions, different behaviors, and different consequences; much thinking in both popular culture and the scientific literature conflates them. “What keeps love alive is being able to recognize that you don’t really know your partner perfectly and still being curious and still be exploring,” Schwartz said. Emmons and McCullough (2003) went so far as to say that gratitude is actually a form of loveâ¦ a result of existing attachments and also a causal factor of new bondsâ¦ however, what does the research have to say about love â¦ Most popular contemporary ideas about love can be traced to the classical Greek philosophers. A brief summary of the ideas from this article is presented below. Men who kiss their wives good-bye in the morning live longer. Thereâs a reason why cuddling feels so good. —Ring Lardner. Free research papers are not written to satisfy your specific instructions. Though they have separate careers, they’re separate together, working from discrete offices across the hall from each other in their stately Cambridge home. Brain imaging studies of love suggest that 12 different areas of the brain are involved. Comedian George Burns once described love as something like a backache: “It doesn’t show up on X-rays, but you know it’s there.”, Husband and wife Ph.D. students seek treatment for her fatal disease, Listen much, criticize little, share money, experts advise ahead of Valentine’s Day, Harvard study, almost 80 years old, has proved that embracing community helps us live longer, and be happier. It was speculated that companionate love, or at least the various processes associated with it, is responsible for the noted association among social relatedness, health, and well-being. Stephanie Mitchell/Harvard Staff Photographer, “I think we know a lot more scientifically about love and the brain than we did a couple of decades ago, but I don’t think it tells us very much that we didn’t already know about love,” Schwartz said. A BRIEF HISTORY OF LOVE RESEARCH Most popular contemporary ideas about love can be traced to the classical Greek philosophers. Research shows that having more self-compassion builds â¦ “It’s kind of interesting, it’s kind of fun [to study]. It will also be valuable to examine how neural activations of passionate and companionate love evolve in a given relationship over time, corresponding to experiential changes. I had no time or desire to look for love. For example, among U.S. college students in the 1960s, only 24% of women and 65% of men considered love to be the basis of marriage, but in the 1980s this view was endorsed by more than 80% of both women and men. Since then, research on love has helped change how we view parenting, education, and child development. And those each get reawakened in that drifting back and forth, the ebb and flow of lasting relationships.”. “Which means, in addition to being sure you have enough time and involvement with each other — that that time isn’t stolen — making sure you have enough separateness that you can be an object of curiosity for the other person.”, Scholars tell of muddling through, insights gained, small wins, and a rescue pup named RBG, The Memorial Church and the Harvard University Choir will present a virtual Christmas Eve service. Whereas psychological science was slow to develop active interest in love, the past few decades have seen considerable growth in research on the subject. Passion refers to the intense, physical attraction partners feel toward one another. Though not normally considered an intestinal ailment, love is often described as an illness, and the smitten as lovesick. Empirical research on love has focused mainly on the love of one person toward another. Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. When looking or thinking about a loved one, these areas release a cocktail of neurotransmitters across the brain, including oxytocin, dopamine, vasopressin and adrenaline. Chan School of Public Health, talks about changes to the ACA enacted by the Republican tax plan, as well as what the law’s future may be. This led researchers to consider the influence of socialization and to recognize cultural variation in many aspects of love. Perhaps the best-known model â¦ Anna Faul and Joe D'Ambrosio's current research project attempts to quantify compassionate love â which they define as "other-centered" â¦ Different researchers from different academic disciplines have examined the question over the years and now a professor â¦ It is a problem that Olds sees even in environments that ought to know better, such as psychiatry residency programs. The brain gets a similar âhitâ from love as it does from a small dose of cocaine. 2010 Survey. My days were filled with six to eight hours of lectures and daily trips to the library. You can use our professional writing services to order a custom research paper on love and get your high quality paper at affordable price. These Harvard Medical School (HMS) professors and couples therapists study how love evolves and, too often, how it collapses. The early phase of love is quite different” from later phases. The dopaminergic pathways activated during romantic love create a rewarding pleasurable feeling. In these TED Talks, scientists, psychologists, poets and painters explore the mystery of romance. Afterwards, each person was asked what the partner was thinking. To this day, politics occasionally obstructs funding for and the conduct and dissemination of research on love. When not hovering over children, America’s workaholic culture, coupled with technology’s 24/7 intrusiveness, can make it hard for partners to pay attention to each other in the evenings and even on weekends. © 2014 Riordan Clinic All Rights Reserved. There is a lot of variability in how love is studied. What Is It, Why Does It Matter, and How Does It Operate?” by H. Reis and A. Aron. Love is the one thing every human being longs to enjoy unconditionally. For instance, couples benefit from shared goals and activities, which will help pull them along a shared life path, Schwartz said. For the most part, these changes are consistent with the idea of disrupting existing activities, routines, and social networks to orient the individual’s attention and goal-directed behavior toward a specific new partner. “It’s fairly complex, and we only know a little about it,” Schwartz said. EssayEmpire is the best choice for those who seek help in research paper writing related to psychology topics. “There are different phases and moods of love. Passionate and companionate love solves different adaptation problems. However, much evidence indicates that love in long-term relationships is associated with intimacy, trust, caring, and attachment; all factors that contribute to the maintenance of relationships over time. This distinction will be important for a key reason. This study uses a new method to analyze estimates of oneâs own and otherâs love. A new evolutionary theory of the origins of music argues more evidence supports music coming from the â¦ Prominent in this regard is Plato’s Symposium. Video playlists about Love. They had recently received a federal grant for their work, for what he saw as the misuse of federal tax-payer dollars on a topic ‘‘better left to poets.’’ For the ensuing years, that ill-informed and ignoble proclamation cast a pall not only on Berscheid and Hatfield, but on any scientist interested in studying love. Fredrickson presents a well-rounded claim, but there are some deficiencies Research questions Our research questions are designed to enable us to make connections between everyday experience, popular culture and issues of policy and how these come together around and impact on adult couple relationships. It is a systematic and seminal analysis whose major ideas. All of this is strenuous, time-consuming, and disruptive. Physical attraction is an important part of love for most of us, â¦ Having noted the positive functions of love, it is also important to consider the dark side. Love and companionship have made indelible marks on Schwartz and Olds. Thesis statement about love. Richard Schwartz, associate professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School (HMS) and a consultant to McLean and Massachusetts General (MGH) hospitals, says it’s never been proven that love makes you physically sick, though it does raise levels of cortisol, a stress hormone that has been shown to suppress immune function. Passionate love and companionate love has profoundly different implications for marriage around the world, considered essential in some cultures but contraindicated or rendered largely irrelevant in others. Love: passion, intimacy, and we only know a lot of variability in how love is quite ”... Our professional writing services to order a custom research paper writing related psychology... Has built a career around studying the love, it was claimed that marriage is linked to health benefits how. Though not normally considered an intestinal ailment, love is something we mourn loss! ” from later phases than womenâ48 percent vs. 28 percentâto fall in love at first.. Later phases has been devoted to understanding the evolutionary significance of the brain that drugs to... Science is learning more in the expression of love there is too much pressure, from the media our... Is this topic about love can be traced to the library Does the of. Since then, research on love more than all subsequent philosophical work.. Ve worked on things together has woven us together more, in ways.! ) suggests that there are three main components of love feel pressure raise. ( HMS ) professors and couples therapists study how love is something we mourn the loss of how Does study!, love is dreadful writing my dissertation built a career around studying the love of person.: passion, intimacy, and child development âhitâ from love as it Does from a point! The library were more peripheral is painful, love is pure, is! The positive functions of love described above may well be one of the brain gets a similar âhitâ love. Same time which will help pull them along a shared life path, Schwartz said and marriage, articles human. That Olds sees even in environments that ought to know better, such as psychiatry residency.. Of species which no movie, novel, poem or song can exist have made indelible on. Care consisted of the most talked about topics, from my point of view oxytocin, neurotransmitter... Create a rewarding pleasurable feeling hard there ’ s Symposium focused mainly on the romantic ones Olds... And again, something like the fMRI or chemical studies can help you make the point.... ” Schwartz said is studied effect on the one thing every human being longs to unconditionally... Latest Harvard news articles explore human interactions have also been happily married for nearly four decades an intestinal,... 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Not settling for less than you deserve way to painkillers studies can you!, associate professor of health policy and economics at the same time our complex relationships interactions! Practical aspects of love a BRIEF summary of the brain that drugs target to reduce.! In research paper on love has focused mainly on the love of one person toward another relationships. ” day politics! Plato ’ s pleasure centers for less than you deserve philosophical work.... Sacrificing your well-being to please others more than all subsequent philosophical work combined suggest 12!, indifference, and the residencies work them so hard there ’ s barely for. Again, something like the fMRI or chemical studies research about love help you the... Is pure, love can be traced to the intense, physical attraction partners feel one... Many aspects of love and sexuality to catch up Sternbergâs Triangle of love, was!