Traditional African religion is very popular and arrived here with our North and West African ancestors. It could be remarked in passing that the tradition of … (2) Generation: Kinship tie is established between the persons in relation to generation. Kinship relation is differentiated in each society on the basis of sex. Descent Social groups based on descent The family Marriage The life cycle Everybody has kinship in one form or another. The term ‘brother’ and ‘sister’ shows the sex of blood relations. African traditional religions in some parts of Africa, have had an elaborate pantheon of divinities. There was no real concept of patriotism or loyalty to a cause. The subject of "traditional family patterns in Africa" is so broad that it cannot be adequately addressed by many scholars. In South Africa under the impact of industrialization the demographic composition of family is changing but geographically dispersed members of the family address to the needs of each other at the time of crisis. The research seeks to show how society changes in the contemporary world have weakened the cultural values of the Nigerian rural traditional society, which in fact was the custodian of our ancient culture and civilization. The characterization of traditional African religion would, thus, lead me to assert—to generalize on logical grounds—that the moral system of each African society—in the traditional setting—does not derive from religion: thus, it is an autonomous moral system. Geography is hard, and so, I think we all know how that works. •In large-scale industrial societies impact of kinship on daily life is lessened by factors such as: •Occupation •Social class •Ethnicity (nationality) •Education •Political affiliation •Religion . Good website though because I found a little of what i needed to know. 124 FACTORS AFFECTING CONTRA CEPTIVE USE being the western African market women's associations;44 (S) mutual aid societies and rotating credit networks;45 (6) a plethora of colonial-era asso- ciations including Christian missions, youth associations (Girl Guides and Boy Scouts, YMCA and YWCA), and church women's groups, the latter being particularly vigorous in eastern and southern Africa… Kinship is also about economic life. The total number of learning hours lost to school closures is extremely high. I also need to know what the good and bad economical, environmental and social factors are. There have been a number of factors leading to the changes in African family structure. The more external kinship ties households have, the more likely women in those households are to use modern forms of temporary contraception. It is important to prepare schools for the Ebola virus disease management and regain lost learning hours. Pakistan Table of Contents . It is straightforward to see that the choice variables X and l do not affect the demand for the production factors L and K (provided second order conditions are also met). Religion and Society: A Text for Africa, 1990. Family plays a central role in African society. This really helped. Sep 17, 2014 @ 5:17 pm. Although human beings have made tremendous progress during the last 150 […] Traditional cultural practices reflect values and beliefs held by members of a community for periods often spanning generations. African Systems of Kinship and Marriage. p119. Therefore the bearing of industrialization on family system is not uniform. Natural Factors: Natural forces and factors play an important role in unifying or disintegrating the society. In Poland the elderly people live in the countryside along with their grandchildren. There is, for example, a growing body of literature describing the importance of fictive kin ties in U.S. African-American urban communities and their effects on everything from child care to educational achievement (Fordham 1986; Johnson and Barer 1990). How did a power-sharing government in Africa work? In traditional African society, men guarded the home and the cattle, or went to war. Even among members of the most Westernized elite, family retains its overarching significance. Young people tend to have different values, attitudes and aims in life from those of older people. for women and men in society and in the family; it obliges States parties to take action against the social causes of women's inequality; and it calls for the elimination of laws, stereotypes, practices and prejudices that impair women's well-being. 86. Kinship performs these social functions in two ways. Kinship defined inheritance, where one lived, and what a person's responsibilities to his or her family and society were. ANT 379 Africa Africa Readings. It is one of the basic social institutions found in every society. Main factors which affect social change can be discussed a follows: 1. Re-establishing livelihoods and kinship ties that were functioning before Ebola is also critical to strengthening the resilience of communities. As the African society has not been static, changes in the traditional family patterns will be briefly alluded to. Contents. The ties of loyalty were to the person of a lord, not to his station. Lastly, this author will argue that the Eurocentric nature of the descriptions and characterization of the traditional African family patterns by earlier scholars has tended to distort and obscure many of the strengths of the African traditional family. But if, as Schneider argued, kinship involves any number of social ties, then kinship—and its rules and norms—regulates how people from specific groups, or even entire communities, relate to each other in every aspect of their … I This is still a common practice today. Anglo-Saxon Life - kinship and lordship. Modernization through industrialization which included westernized educational system has affected some communities and individuals in Africa making them embracing a lifestyle that was previously unknown to traditional African communities (Ocholla-Ayoyo 1997). In rural areas, the family typically remains the basic unit of agricultural production. Descent, the system of acknowledged social parentage, which varies from society to society, whereby a person may claim kinship ties with another. But there are exceptions to this general observation, especially in Southern Africa and some parts of West Africa. The family is the basis of social organization, providing its members with both identity and protection. Extended kinship ties affect contraceptive choice. Kinship is one of the main organizing principles of society. What aspect of traditional African religious belief reflects the importance of family and kinship ties? The basic type of bond is marriage and reproduction. Yanomamo, as described by Napoleon Chagnon "In a word, everyone in Yanomamo society is called by some kinship term that can be translated into what we would call blood relatives. This social institution ties individuals and groups together and establishes a relationship between them. A kingdom was only as strong as its war-leader king. BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR. Hope . People in all societies are bound together by various kinds of bonds. KINSHIP. The most important thing is that in the new South Africa religion and spirituality are used to create greater understanding and harmony rather than to divide people as was done in the past. The most basic bonds are those […] If kinship involves only blood and marriage ties, then kinship defines how family relationships form and how family members interact with one another. From East to West or North to South you will find this everywhere in the society. Kalee. However its direction, speed and nature are affected by several factors. Some African ethnic groups do not seem to have divinities, while some were known to have no special shrines or worship places designated to the divinities or to the Supreme … Bourdillon, Michael. ADVERTISEMENTS: Kinship: Meaning, Types and Other Details! A traditional society is marked, in the words of Talcott Parsons, by ‘particularistic’ values as opposed to ‘universalistic’ values which characterize a modern society. This institution establishes relationships between individuals and groups. The cultural and physical diversity added with the dramatic social changes of the last three decades on the continent makes the family pattern situation so variegated as to defy any sweeping generalizations. KINSHIP SYSTEMS AND FAMILY TYPESKinship systems are mechanisms that link conjugal families (and individuals not living in families) in ways that affect the integration of the general social structure and enhance the ability of the society to reproduce itself in an orderly fashion. Age. Source: Extracts taken from: Family and Kinship by … Social Change characterizes every society. 85. The issue of whether kinship ties influence marital outcomes is important given the overwhelming influence of lineage or kinship ties in Africa. In Poland the elderly people live in the traditional family patterns in Africa functioning! Only blood and marriage ties, values, attitudes and aims in life those! 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